Buffer pH calculator is a tool to know the pH of the buffer solution. To get buffer pH as output, all you need to do is give inputs i.e the buffer type, dissociation constant of an acid, acid concentration in (M/mM/µM) and salt concentration in(M/mM/µM), and then click on the calculate button to get the accurate value of pH of the buffer solution.
Buffer pH Calculator: By using the buffer pH calculator you can find any kind of buffer solution of the pH, for given the buffer type and enter the values of Ka dissociation constant of an acid, acid concentration in (M/mM/µM) and salt concentration in(M/mM/µM). Help of the tool buffer pH calculator, we got an accurate value of pH in less time. Here we will explain what is meant by the buffer pH of a solution, its formula, step by step procedure on how to use a buffer pH calculator.
A buffer is a solution that contains weak acid and its salt or weak base and its salt. Buffers are used to maintain the original pH when combined with acid or base. pH buffers are often known as a hydrogen ion buffer and are aqueous solutions which have a traceable pH value that alters negligibly when combined with small amounts of acids or bases. pH buffers are usually made up of a combination of a conjugate base and a weak acid that absorbs excess hydrogen atoms to retain a stable pH value in solution.
The pH of the buffer can be calculated by the formula pH = pKa + log10 ([A-]/[HA]). This equation is called the Henderson - Hasselbalch Equation.
By using this Henderson - Hasselbalch equation We can get the value of pH of the buffer solution. Another way to find the pH of the buffer solution is as follows
Molar solution equation: desired molarity × formula weight × solution final volume (L) = grams needed
Percentage by weight (w/v): (% buffer desired / 100) × final buffer volume (mL) = g of starting material needed.
Simple and easy steps to find the pH of the buffer by using the buffer pH calculator is listed below
Question 1: Calculate the pH of the buffer solution made from 0.20M HC2H3O2 and 0.50 M C2H3O2- that has an acid dissociation constant for HC2H3O2 of 1.8 x 10-5?
Ka = 1.8 x 10-5
pKa is the dissociation constant of an acid = -log(1.8 x 10-5 )
[A-] is the concentration of a base in a buffer = 0.50M
[HA] is the concentration of an acid in a buffer = 0.20M
The formula for buffer pH is pH = pKa + log10 ([A-]/[HA]). This equation is called theHenderson - Hasselbalch equation
Substitute the values in the equation,
pH = pKa + log10 ([A-]/[HA])
= 4.7 + log(0.50 / 0.20)
= 4.7 + 0.40 = 5.1
Therefore pH of the buffer solution is = 5.1
1. What is the formula for Buffer pH?
The formula for buffer pH is pH = pKa + log10 ([A-]/[HA]). This equation is called theHenderson - Hasselbalch equation.
2. What is the range of a buffer solution?
The buffer range is the pH range where a buffer effectively neutralizes added acids and bases, while maintaining relatively constant pH.
3. In what range of pH is a buffer most effective?
Buffers are generally good over the range pH=pKa± 1.
4. What are the factors that affect the pH of a buffer?
The buffer pH can be affected by two factors: the equilibrium constant Ka of the weak acid and the ratio of weak base to the weak acid in the chemical solution.
5. What is the difference between pH and buffer pH?
pH is a fundamental scale that we use in chemistry to measure the acidity or basicity of a solution. Buffers are chemical solutions that can resist the changes in pH. The difference between pH and buffer pH is that the pH is a logarithmic scale whereas buffer is an aqueous solution.