Created By : Rina Nayak

Reviewed By : Phani Ponnapalli

Last Updated : May 04, 2023

If you want to determine the normality, equivalent weight of analyzed substance use the Neutralization Calculator. All you have to do is enter the inputs as specified in the tool and click on the calculate button to avail the output normality of solution or equivalent weight of analyzed substance in a fraction of seconds.

Choose a Calculation
Weight of Solute:
Volume of solvent:
Equivalent Weight:
/eq
Normality:
N

Neutralization Reaction Definition

Neutralization Reaction is a chemical reaction in which acid and base interact with each other. This reaction results in salt formation. If it is strong acids and bases essential reaction is a combination of hydrogen and hydroxyl ions for water formation.

Normality Formula

Normality Equation is given by the expression Normality = mass of solute / (volume of solvent * equivalent weight)

• Where, Normality is a measure for obtaining the concentration of a substance in a dissolving liquid. Units of N are eq/L.
• Mass of Solute is nothing but the weight of substance be it acid or base and is expressed in grams.
• Volume of Solvent is nothing but the volume of liquid in which substance is dissolved. Units of Volume of Solvent is Liters.
• Equivalent Weight is nothing but molecular weight of substance divided by valence. Equivalent Weight is generally expressed in units g/eq.

How do you Calculate Neutralization?

Follow the guidelines listed below to determine the Neutralization Parameters. They are as follows

• Determine the Equivalent Weight of Substance, Mass of Substance, Volume of Solvent.
• Employ these values in the Normality Equation and simplify math calculations to compute the normality of a substance.

How to Use the Neutralization Calculator?

Follow the simple steps listed below on the functionality of an Neutralization. They are as such

• Step 1: First and foremost step is to provide the values Equivalent Weight of Substance, Mass of Substance, Voulme of Solvent in the input sections.
• Step 2: Now, tap on the calculate button.
• Step 3: You will get the Normality Value displayed on the screen with steps.

FAQ’s on Neutralization Calculator

1. What is meant by Neutralization?

Neutralization is a reaction in which acis react with an alkali to form a neutral solution of salt and water.

2. What is the formula of Normality?

The Formula of Normality is given by Normality = Mass of Solute/(Volume of Solvent*Equivalent Weight)

3. How many types of neutralization are there?

There are 4 types of neutralization reactions based on whether the acid and base are strong or weak.

4. Is Neutralization Reaction a Double Displacement Reaction?

Yes, Neutralization Reactions are a specific kind of double displacement reactions.